Incoming senior high school (SHS) students only have to choose their track based on their interest and skills and they would be better prepared for whichever exit point they plan on pursuing after high school—go to college, develop more skills, start a business, or get employed.
Such is the expectation amid the 28,844 SHS program offerings spread among 5,990 DepEd public schools nationwide. This is on top of the 28,991 SHS programs also offered by 5,046 private schools, public and private universities and colleges, and technical-vocational institutions nationwide.
Program offerings available for SHS students to choose from include four (4) strands under the Academic track: Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM), Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS), Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), and General Academic; the Sports track; the Arts and Design track; and various specializations under the Technical-Vocational-Livelihood (TVL) track.
"What's important to note here is that these programs offer our incoming senior high school students real choices, consistent with the intention of the K to 12 Program, which is to make education learner-centered, inclusive, competence-based, and responsive to the needs of the community,” stated DepEd Assistant Secretary for Curriculum and Instruction Elvin Uy.
The TVL track, for instance, equips students with the skills and competencies that prepare them for employment after completion. It has 86 specializations under its Agri-Fishery Arts, Home Economics, Industrial Arts, and Information, Communications and Technology (ICT) strands. Schools with TVL programs can then offer combinations of various specializations, which students can select from to complete the required 720 hours of specialized training. It is the second most popular track of choice—next to Academic track—chosen by over 40% of the more than 1.3 million Grade 10 completers who registered early for Senior High School last year.
"If the students take specializations under the same strand, they strengthen their competencies in a particular sector; on the other hand, if they take subjects from different strands, it can work, too, because their exposure is more diverse,” added Uy.
In SHS, a student takes fifteen (15) core subjects, seven (7) applied track subjects, and nine (9) specialized track subjects. The core subjects have the same content and competencies for all students. These subjects include communication skills, reading and writing, Filipino, literature, mathematics, and the sciences, among others. The applied track subjects target the same competencies, but contextualize the content to suit each track and strand. The specialized subjects have different content and competencies based on the chosen track, strand, or TVL specialization/s.
The Department of Education will welcome the country’s first batch of Grade 11 nationwide on June 13, 2016.